Part four (4) of the Civil Code for the Russian Federation in reference to Enforcement of IP and Related Laws, Geographical Indications, Competition, Copyright, Domain Names, Industrial Designs, Industrial Property, Patents (Inventions), Plant Variety Protection, Trade Names, Trademarks, Transfer of Technology, Undisclosed Information (Trade Secrets), Utility Models and others. Effective since 2008 and amended in July 3, 2016.


  • The Paris Convention, Stockholm Act from 1st of July 1965.
  • The Patent Cooperation Treaty (PCT) from 29th of March, 1978.
  • The Eurasian Patent Convention, from 9th of September, 1994.